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An adult rat can usually weigh between 100 to 500 grams, measures about 24 cm (excluding tail) and is brown/black with grey fur. Its tail is usually longer than the head and body together.

Why is it considered a pest?
They are unsanitary and their droppings have been implicated as potential health hazards. They can multiply quickly and will do significant damage to your home and furniture through their gnawing activities. They will also contaminate food and other materials through the droppings they leave behind. Not only are mice destructive they have even been implicated in causing house fires after chewing through electrical cables.

Where can it be found in Australia?
Rats can be found all over Australia.

Where it’s usually found in the home?
Rats are either terrestrial or arboreal in nature, although rats preferring one habitat are capable of inhabiting others. They build their nests outside the walls of homes or in various clumps of vegetation and may also construct their homes beneath the edges of sidewalks or patios. They are capable of living in trees as well as in elevated areas of human homes such as attics, rafters, eaves and on roofs.

Typical signs of infestation?

  • Scratching noises - in the walls or ceilings as Rats scurry around.
  • Droppings – Rats leave large, dark droppings particularly along walls, in cupboards or under sinks.
  • Distinctive smell – Rats leave an ammonia-like smell that will be particularly strong in more enclosed areas such as under cupboards.
  • Damage – Rats have teeth that grow continuously and will gnaw on wood, plastic, cables and other hard materials to keep their teeth shorter.